The cool wet conditions have put corn planting dates back throughout the state. Research shows corn planted later in May results in decreased yield, although this year if the weather levels out it should not affect the corn harvest this year. Agronomy Specialist Heather Benedict says many pastures are not producing like they had in the past.
The soil in NW Missouri as of Thursday was about 45-degress. Soil temperatures throughout the state have been about 10-degrees lower than the average for this time of year.
Low soil temperatures slow the germination of the corn. This is an important consideration as corn that lays in the soil for longer periods before planting is more likely to contract disease and be bothered by insects.
The moisture that is replenishing our soils has also kept many from planting their corn and protected the seedlings from some of the dangers of early planting.
Dr. Kevin Bradley, Weed Scientist for the University of Missouri Extension, reported that this year it is more important than ever to use multiple modes of action on the burn down regime. He said that using an application of glyficade is no longer enough to ensure fields will be cleared for planting.
For many of those with cattle, the pastures have not been producing like they had in the past. This year pastures are producing less than 40 lbs. per acre per day in comparison to 90 lbs. per acre per day at this time last year. Another problem is that last year’s drought has resulted in bare spots in the pastures that the winter annual weeds such as henbit, chick weed and purple dead nettle have taken advantage of. These weeds look nice and green but are not high in nutritional value or yield. It is difficult to recommend a spray for these annuals as the optimal time for control is in the fall.
A problem for those with livestock will be to refrain from over grazing the pastures for the next week or so. If the pastures are not put under too much stress the warmer weather will allow them to grow more quickly resulting in more forage for the year.
To hear the full interview with MU Extension Agronomy Specialist Heather Benedict click below:
More information can be found by contacting your local University Extension Office.