Released January 31, 2014, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service

(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

 

January 1 Cattle Inventory Down 2 Percent

 

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2014 totaled 87.7 million head, 2 percent below the 89.3 million on January 1, 2013. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cattle and calves since the 82.1 million on hand in 1951.

 

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 38.3 million, were down 1 percent from the 38.5 million on January 1, 2013. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cows and heifers that have calved since the 36.8 million head in 1941.

 

• Beef cows, at 29.0 million, were down 1 percent from January 1, 2013.

 

• Milk cows, at 9.2 million, unchanged from January 1, 2013.

 

Other class estimates on January 1, 2014 and the change from January 1, 2013, are as follows:

 

• All heifers 500 pounds and over, 18.8 million, down 2 percent.

 

• Beef replacement heifers, 5.5 million, up 2 percent.

 

• Milk replacement heifers, 4.5 million, unchanged.

 

• Other heifers, 8.7 million, down 5 percent.

• Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 15.4 million, down 3 percent.

 

• Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.0 million, down 1 percent.

 

• Calves under 500 pounds, 13.3 million, down 4 percent.

 

• Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 12.7 million, down 5 percent.

 

• The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 24.7 million, down 3 percent.

 

Calf Crop Down 1 Percent

 

The 2013 calf crop was estimated at 33.9 million head, down 1 percent from

2012. This is the smallest calf crop since the 33.7 million born during 1949.

Calves born during the first half of 2013 are estimated at 24.7 million, down 1 percent from 2012.

 

Revisions

 

All inventory and calf crop estimates for January 1, 2013 were reviewed using calf crop, official slaughter, import and export data, and the relationship of new survey information to the prior surveys. Based on the findings of this review, small adjustments of less than one-half percent were made to previously released inventory estimates by class.

 

State level estimates were reviewed and changes were made to reallocate inventory estimates to the United States total.

 

This report was approved on January 31, 2014.

 

Acting Secretary of

Agriculture

Joseph W. Glauber

 

Agricultural Statistics Board

Chairperson

Hubert Hamer

 

Contents

Cattle Inventory by Class and Calf Crop – United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014……….  4

 

Cattle Inventory – United States: January 1…………………………………………  4

 

Cattle Inventory by Class – States and United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014………….  5

 

Calf Crop – States and United States: 2012 and 2013………………………………….  9

 

Total Number of Cattle on Feed – States and United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014…….. 10

 

Number of Cattle Grazing on Small Grain Pasture – 3-State Total: January 1, 2013 and 2014.. 11

 

Calf Crop and Percent of Total by Six Month Period – United States: 2012 and 2013………. 11

 

Statistical Methodology………………………………………………………….. 12

 

Reliability of January 1 Cattle Estimates………………………………………….. 13

 

Information Contacts…………………………………………………………….. 13

 

Cattle Inventory by Class and Calf Crop – United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014

———————————————————————————-

:              :              :  Percent of

Class                :     2013     :     2014     :previous year

———————————————————————————-

:   —— 1,000 head —–       percent

:

Cattle and calves ……………….:   89,299.6       87,730.0          98

:

Cows and heifers that have calved …:   38,515.2       38,251.0          99

Beef cows …………………….:   29,297.3       29,042.4          99

Milk cows …………………….:    9,217.9        9,208.6         100

:

Heifers 500 pounds and over ………:   19,133.9       18,751.4          98

For beef cow replacement ……….:    5,380.6        5,470.8         102

Expected to calve 1/ …………:    3,280.3        3,319.1         101

For milk cow replacement ……….:    4,550.7        4,539.2         100

Expected to calve 1/ …………:    2,928.4        2,980.7         102

Other heifers …………………:    9,202.6        8,741.4          95

:

Steers 500 pounds and over ……….:   15,812.7       15,414.9          97

Bulls 500 pounds and over ………..:    2,055.8        2,034.8          99

Calves under 500 pounds ………….:   13,782.0       13,277.9          96

:

Cattle on feed ………………….:   13,363.7       12,695.3          95

:

:——————————————–

:              :              :  Percent of

:     2012     :     2013     :previous year

:——————————————–

Calf crop ………………………:   34,279.0       33,930.0          99

———————————————————————————-

1/ Replacement heifers expected to calve during the year.

 

Cattle Inventory by Class – States and United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014

———————————————————————————————————

:           All cattle and calves            :         All cows that have calved

:—————————————————————————————–

State     :              :              :  Percent of  :              :              :  Percent of

:     2013     :     2014     :previous year :     2013     :     2014     :previous year

———————————————————————————————————

:   —— 1,000 head —–       percent        —— 1,000 head —–       percent

:

Alabama …….:    1,220.0        1,240.0         102             660.0          680.0         103

Alaska ……..:       12.0           10.0          83               5.3            4.6          87

Arizona …….:      900.0          920.0         102             365.0          370.0         101

Arkansas ……:    1,600.0        1,660.0         104             860.0          890.0         103

California ….:    5,300.0        5,250.0          99           2,390.0        2,380.0         100

Colorado ……:    2,600.0        2,480.0          95             850.0          840.0          99

Connecticut …:       48.0           47.0          98              24.0           23.0          96

Delaware ……:       18.0           16.0          89               8.5            7.5          88

Florida …….:    1,660.0        1,620.0          98           1,030.0        1,000.0          97

Georgia …….:    1,020.0        1,000.0          98             570.0          560.0          98

:

Hawaii ……..:      132.0          130.0          98              72.0           71.0          99

Idaho ………:    2,370.0        2,190.0          92           1,090.0        1,010.0          93

Illinois ……:    1,120.0        1,130.0         101             460.0          455.0          99

Indiana …….:      810.0          870.0         107             365.0          370.0         101

Iowa ……….:    3,850.0        3,700.0          96           1,130.0        1,090.0          96

Kansas ……..:    5,850.0        5,800.0          99           1,460.0        1,550.0         106

Kentucky ……:    2,240.0        2,090.0          93           1,100.0        1,080.0          98

Louisiana …..:      780.0          790.0         101             470.0          465.0          99

Maine ………:       85.0           85.0         100              43.0           41.0          95

Maryland ……:      192.0          182.0          95              92.0           88.0          96

:

Massachusetts .:       39.0           39.0         100              19.0           18.0          95

Michigan ……:    1,120.0        1,120.0         100             490.0          495.0         101

Minnesota …..:    2,390.0        2,280.0          95             840.0          810.0          96

Mississippi …:      910.0          930.0         102             500.0          490.0          98

Missouri ……:    3,650.0        3,800.0         104           1,850.0        1,910.0         103

Montana …….:    2,600.0        2,550.0          98           1,520.0        1,490.0          98

Nebraska ……:    6,300.0        6,150.0          98           1,860.0        1,850.0          99

Nevada ……..:      460.0          455.0          99             260.0          255.0          98

New Hampshire .:       33.0           32.0          97              17.0           16.5          97

New Jersey ….:       31.0           29.0          94              16.0           15.0          94

:

New Mexico ….:    1,340.0        1,290.0          96             710.0          710.0         100

New York ……:    1,400.0        1,450.0         104             700.0          720.0         103

North Carolina :      820.0          810.0          99             410.0          405.0          99

North Dakota ..:    1,790.0        1,770.0          99             940.0          960.0         102

Ohio ……….:    1,230.0        1,250.0         102             560.0          560.0         100

Oklahoma ……:    4,200.0        4,300.0         102           1,800.0        1,850.0         103

Oregon ……..:    1,280.0        1,280.0         100             650.0          640.0          98

Pennsylvania ..:    1,610.0        1,620.0         101             690.0          700.0         101

Rhode Island ..:        4.6            5.0         109               2.4            2.4         100

South Carolina :      355.0          360.0         101             190.0          190.0         100

:

South Dakota ..:    3,850.0        3,650.0          95           1,780.0        1,730.0          97

Tennessee …..:    1,830.0        1,760.0          96             960.0          910.0          95

Texas ………:   11,300.0       10,900.0          96           4,450.0        4,350.0          98

Utah ……….:      770.0          800.0         104             405.0          420.0         104

Vermont …….:      270.0          260.0          96             146.0          144.0          99

Virginia ……:    1,610.0        1,530.0          95             780.0          750.0          96

Washington ….:    1,150.0        1,100.0          96             485.0          475.0          98

West Virginia .:      410.0          380.0          93             210.0          200.0          95

Wisconsin …..:    3,450.0        3,350.0          97           1,530.0        1,510.0          99

Wyoming …….:    1,290.0        1,270.0          98             700.0          700.0         100

:

United States .:   89,299.6       87,730.0          98          38,515.2       38,251.0          99

———————————————————————————————————

–continued

 

Cattle Inventory by Class – States and United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014 (continued)

———————————————————————————————————

:         Beef cows that have calved         :         Milk cows that have calved

:—————————————————————————————–

State     :              :              :  Percent of  :              :              :  Percent of

:     2013     :     2014     :previous year :     2013     :     2014     :previous year

———————————————————————————————————

:   —— 1,000 head —–       percent        —– 1,000 head —–        percent

:

Alabama …….:      651.0          671.0         103              9.0            9.0          100

Alaska ……..:        4.9            4.3          88              0.4            0.3           75

Arizona …….:      175.0          178.0         102            190.0          192.0          101

Arkansas ……:      851.0          882.0         104              9.0            8.0           89

California ….:      610.0          600.0          98          1,780.0        1,780.0          100

Colorado ……:      715.0          700.0          98            135.0          140.0          104

Connecticut …:        6.0            4.0          67             18.0           19.0          106

Delaware ……:        4.0            2.8          70              4.5            4.7          104

Florida …….:      908.0          877.0          97            122.0          123.0          101

Georgia …….:      490.0          480.0          98             80.0           80.0          100

:

Hawaii ……..:       69.9           68.8          98              2.1            2.2          105

Idaho ………:      510.0          445.0          87            580.0          565.0           97

Illinois ……:      362.0          359.0          99             98.0           96.0           98

Indiana …….:      191.0          192.0         101            174.0          178.0          102

Iowa ……….:      925.0          885.0          96            205.0          205.0          100

Kansas ……..:    1,328.0        1,414.0         106            132.0          136.0          103

Kentucky ……:    1,028.0        1,012.0          98             72.0           68.0           94

Louisiana …..:      454.0          450.0          99             16.0           15.0           94

Maine ………:       11.0           11.0         100             32.0           30.0           94

Maryland ……:       41.0           38.0          93             51.0           50.0           98

:

Massachusetts.:        6.5            6.0          92             12.5           12.0           96

Michigan ……:      113.0          114.0         101            377.0          381.0          101

Minnesota …..:      375.0          350.0          93            465.0          460.0           99

Mississippi …:      486.0          477.0          98             14.0           13.0           93

Missouri ……:    1,757.0        1,820.0         104             93.0           90.0           97

Montana …….:    1,506.0        1,476.0          98             14.0           14.0          100

Nebraska ……:    1,805.0        1,797.0         100             55.0           53.0           96

Nevada ……..:      231.0          226.0          98             29.0           29.0          100

New Hampshire .:        3.5            3.0          86             13.5           13.5          100

New Jersey ….:        9.0            8.0          89              7.0            7.0          100

:

New Mexico ….:      390.0          387.0          99            320.0          323.0          101

New York ……:       90.0          105.0         117            610.0          615.0          101

North Carolina :      364.0          360.0          99             46.0           45.0           98

North Dakota ..:      922.0          943.0         102             18.0           17.0           94

Ohio ……….:      290.0          293.0         101            270.0          267.0           99

Oklahoma ……:    1,754.0        1,805.0         103             46.0           45.0           98

Oregon ……..:      527.0          516.0          98            123.0          124.0          101

Pennsylvania ..:      155.0          170.0         110            535.0          530.0           99

Rhode Island ..:        1.5            1.5         100              0.9            0.9          100

South Carolina :      174.0          174.0         100             16.0           16.0          100

:

South Dakota ..:    1,688.0        1,635.0          97             92.0           95.0          103

Tennessee …..:      912.0          864.0          95             48.0           46.0           96

Texas ………:    4,015.0        3,910.0          97            435.0          440.0          101

Utah ……….:      315.0          325.0         103             90.0           95.0          106

Vermont …….:       12.0           12.0         100            134.0          132.0           99

Virginia ……:      686.0          657.0          96             94.0           93.0           99

Washington ….:      221.0          209.0          95            264.0          266.0          101

West Virginia .:      200.0          191.0          96             10.0            9.0           90

Wisconsin …..:      260.0          240.0          92          1,270.0        1,270.0          100

Wyoming …….:      694.0          694.0         100              6.0            6.0          100

:

United States .:   29,297.3       29,042.4          99          9,217.9        9,208.6          100

———————————————————————————————————

–continued

 

Cattle Inventory by Class – States and United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014 (continued)

———————————————————————————————————

:                               Heifers 500 pounds and over

:—————————————————————————————–

State     :    Beef cow replacement     :    Milk cow replacement     :            Other

:—————————————————————————————–

:     2013     :     2014     :     2013     :     2014     :     2013     :     2014

———————————————————————————————————

:                                       1,000 head

:

Alabama …….:     105.0          105.0            4.0            4.0           31.0           31.0

Alaska ……..:       1.3            0.8            0.2            0.1            0.1            0.1

Arizona …….:      22.0           28.0           73.0           77.0           25.0           20.0

Arkansas ……:     129.0          137.0            7.0            5.0           54.0           78.0

California ….:     110.0          110.0          780.0          750.0          220.0          230.0

Colorado ……:     130.0          140.0           85.0          100.0          520.0          470.0

Connecticut …:       2.0            1.5            9.0            9.0            0.5            0.5

Delaware ……:       0.7            0.5            3.0            2.6            0.6            0.6

Florida …….:     115.0          110.0           35.0           35.0           25.0           25.0

Georgia …….:      74.0           76.0           28.0           25.0           28.0           29.0

:

Hawaii ……..:      10.0            9.0            2.0            1.0            4.0            4.0

Idaho ………:     120.0          110.0          310.0          260.0          210.0          190.0

Illinois ……:      60.0           63.0           48.0           45.0           82.0          102.0

Indiana …….:      41.0           39.0           56.0           70.0           48.0           56.0

Iowa ……….:     150.0          150.0          120.0          120.0          680.0          620.0

Kansas ……..:     230.0          240.0          100.0          100.0        1,370.0        1,400.0

Kentucky ……:     150.0          145.0           50.0           45.0          160.0          115.0

Louisiana …..:      77.0           84.0            5.0            5.0           21.0           22.0

Maine ………:       2.5            3.0           15.5           17.0            2.0            2.0

Maryland ……:       9.0            9.5           29.0           25.0            9.0            7.5

:

Massachusetts .:       2.0            2.0            6.0            7.5            1.0            0.5

Michigan ……:      28.0           29.0          157.0          159.0           47.0           49.0

Minnesota …..:     100.0           80.0          280.0          280.0          180.0          170.0

Mississippi …:      78.0           91.0            7.0            6.0           35.0           43.0

Missouri ……:     290.0          305.0           40.0           50.0          200.0          215.0

Montana …….:     435.0          430.0            8.0            9.0          187.0          211.0

Nebraska ……:     350.0          387.0           20.0           23.0        1,380.0        1,260.0

Nevada ……..:      36.0           36.0            9.0            9.0           30.0           32.0

New Hampshire .:       1.2            1.0            6.5            7.0            0.8            0.5

New Jersey ….:       2.0            1.5            4.0            3.5            1.0            1.0

:

New Mexico ….:      75.0           70.0          125.0          120.0          100.0           70.0

New York ……:      41.0           45.0          320.0          355.0           44.0           40.0

North Carolina :      72.0           72.0           23.0           20.0           25.0           24.0

North Dakota ..:     207.0          170.0           13.0           10.0          205.0          210.0

Ohio ……….:      55.0           55.0          125.0          130.0           65.0           60.0

Oklahoma ……:     280.0          325.0           20.0           20.0          400.0          340.0

Oregon ……..:     122.0          105.0           68.0           60.0           85.0          120.0

Pennsylvania ..:      55.0           50.0          310.0          315.0           65.0           70.0

Rhode Island ..:       0.4            0.5            0.5            0.5            0.1            0.2

South Carolina :      35.0           37.0            7.0            6.0           12.0           13.0

:

South Dakota ..:     315.0          330.0           55.0           50.0          545.0          480.0

Tennessee …..:     145.0          130.0           25.0           30.0           70.0           85.0

Texas ………:     600.0          640.0          200.0          220.0        1,550.0        1,380.0

Utah ……….:      61.0           70.0           50.0           46.0           62.0           69.0

Vermont …….:       4.5            4.5           59.0           56.0            6.5            5.5

Virginia ……:     124.0          115.0           35.0           40.0           81.0           70.0

Washington ….:      46.0           48.0          109.0          122.0          135.0          130.0

West Virginia .:      36.0           35.0            5.0            5.0           25.0           24.0

Wisconsin …..:      75.0           70.0          700.0          680.0           55.0           60.0

Wyoming …….:     171.0          175.0            4.0            4.0          120.0          106.0

:

United States .:   5,380.6        5,470.8        4,550.7        4,539.2        9,202.6        8,741.4

———————————————————————————————————

–continued

 

Cattle Inventory by Class – States and United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014 (continued)

———————————————————————————————————

:           Steers            :            Bulls            :           Calves

:     500 pounds and over     :     500 pounds and over     :      under 500 pounds

State     :—————————————————————————————–

:     2013     :     2014     :     2013     :     2014     :     2013     :     2014

———————————————————————————————————

:                                       1,000 head

:

Alabama …….:       50.0           55.0          50.0           50.0           320.0          315.0

Alaska ……..:        0.5            0.4           2.9            1.9             1.7            2.1

Arizona …….:      290.0          305.0          20.0           20.0           105.0          100.0

Arkansas ……:      125.0          135.0          55.0           55.0           370.0          360.0

California ….:      620.0          640.0          70.0           70.0         1,110.0        1,070.0

Colorado ……:      840.0          760.0          45.0           45.0           130.0          125.0

Connecticut …:        2.0            2.0           0.5            0.5            10.0           10.5

Delaware ……:        1.9            2.0           0.3            0.3             3.0            2.5

Florida …….:       20.0           25.0          55.0           60.0           380.0          365.0

Georgia …….:       39.0           34.0          26.0           26.0           255.0          250.0

:

Hawaii ……..:        7.0            7.0           4.0            4.0            33.0           34.0

Idaho ………:      275.0          250.0          40.0           40.0           325.0          330.0

Illinois ……:      240.0          245.0          25.0           25.0           205.0          195.0

Indiana …….:       91.0          108.0          19.0           17.0           190.0          210.0

Iowa ……….:    1,250.0        1,240.0          60.0           60.0           460.0          420.0

Kansas ……..:    1,970.0        1,770.0          85.0           90.0           635.0          650.0

Kentucky ……:      225.0          185.0          75.0           70.0           480.0          450.0

Louisiana …..:       18.0           23.0          30.0           30.0           159.0          161.0

Maine ………:        5.0            5.0           1.5            1.5            15.5           15.5

Maryland ……:       15.0           15.0           4.0            4.0            34.0           33.0

:

Massachusetts .:        2.0            2.0           1.0            1.0             8.0            8.0

Michigan ……:      174.0          172.0          14.0           13.0           210.0          203.0

Minnesota …..:      470.0          460.0          35.0           35.0           485.0          445.0

Mississippi …:       41.0           62.0          39.0           38.0           210.0          200.0

Missouri ……:      350.0          350.0         100.0          100.0           820.0          870.0

Montana …….:      230.0          220.0         100.0          100.0           120.0           90.0

Nebraska ……:    2,250.0        2,270.0         100.0           95.0           340.0          265.0

Nevada ……..:       46.0           43.0          13.0           13.0            66.0           67.0

New Hampshire .:        1.0            1.0           0.5            0.5             6.0            5.5

New Jersey ….:        2.0            2.0           1.0            1.0             5.0            5.0

:

New Mexico ….:       80.0           90.0          35.0           35.0           215.0          195.0

New York ……:       36.0           32.0          19.0           18.0           240.0          240.0

North Carolina :       32.0           39.0          33.0           30.0           225.0          220.0

North Dakota ..:      255.0          270.0          60.0           55.0           110.0           95.0

Ohio ……….:      185.0          195.0          20.0           25.0           220.0          225.0

Oklahoma ……:      870.0          900.0         120.0          125.0           710.0          740.0

Oregon ……..:      157.0          160.0          36.0           36.0           162.0          159.0

Pennsylvania ..:      170.0          185.0          25.0           25.0           295.0          275.0

Rhode Island ..:        0.3            0.5           0.1            0.1             0.8            0.8

South Carolina :       10.0           11.0          15.0           15.0            86.0           88.0

:

South Dakota ..:      720.0          670.0          90.0           95.0           345.0          295.0

Tennessee …..:      125.0          135.0          65.0           60.0           440.0          410.0

Texas ………:    2,500.0        2,370.0         300.0          280.0         1,700.0        1,660.0

Utah ……….:       75.0           85.0          22.0           23.0            95.0           87.0

Vermont …….:        4.0            4.0           3.0            3.0            47.0           43.0

Virginia ……:      195.0          170.0          40.0           40.0           355.0          345.0

Washington ….:      190.0          160.0          17.0           19.0           168.0          146.0

West Virginia .:       48.0           40.0          14.0           14.0            72.0           62.0

Wisconsin …..:      350.0          360.0          30.0           30.0           710.0          640.0

Wyoming …….:      160.0          150.0          40.0           40.0            95.0           95.0

:

United States .:   15,812.7       15,414.9       2,055.8        2,034.8        13,782.0       13,277.9

———————————————————————————————————

 

Calf Crop – States and United States: 2012 and 2013

—————————————————————————————————-

:                   :                   :    Percent of

State                 :       2012        :       2013        :   previous year

—————————————————————————————————-

:     ——– 1,000 head ——–             percent

:

Alabama …………………………..:        610.0               600.0                98

Alaska ……………………………:          3.8                 3.3                87

Arizona …………………………..:        260.0               280.0               108

Arkansas ………………………….:        760.0               760.0               100

California ………………………..:      2,100.0             2,010.0                96

Colorado ………………………….:        760.0               740.0                97

Connecticut ……………………….:         18.0                18.5               103

Delaware ………………………….:          6.0                 5.0                83

Florida …………………………..:        860.0               830.0                97

Georgia …………………………..:        480.0               480.0               100

:

Hawaii ……………………………:         61.0                60.0                98

Idaho …………………………….:        960.0               940.0                98

Illinois ………………………….:        390.0               385.0                99

Indiana …………………………..:        330.0               330.0               100

Iowa ……………………………..:      1,050.0             1,020.0                97

Kansas ……………………………:      1,250.0             1,280.0               102

Kentucky ………………………….:        980.0               970.0                99

Louisiana …………………………:        370.0               370.0               100

Maine …………………………….:         32.0                32.0               100

Maryland ………………………….:         76.0                67.0                88

:

Massachusetts ……………………..:         18.0                18.0               100

Michigan ………………………….:        385.0               395.0               103

Minnesota …………………………:        790.0               780.0                99

Mississippi ……………………….:        400.0               400.0               100

Missouri ………………………….:      1,740.0             1,730.0                99

Montana …………………………..:      1,500.0             1,470.0                98

Nebraska ………………………….:      1,720.0             1,680.0                98

Nevada ……………………………:        205.0               210.0               102

New Hampshire ……………………..:         15.0                13.5                90

New Jersey ………………………..:         10.0                 9.5                95

:

New Mexico ………………………..:        580.0               560.0                97

New York ………………………….:        530.0               550.0               104

North Carolina …………………….:        370.0               360.0                97

North Dakota ………………………:        870.0               920.0               106

Ohio ……………………………..:        480.0               490.0               102

Oklahoma ………………………….:      1,670.0             1,670.0               100

Oregon ……………………………:        610.0               630.0               103

Pennsylvania ………………………:        590.0               580.0                98

Rhode Island ………………………:          2.2                 2.2               100

South Carolina …………………….:        150.0               160.0               107

:

South Dakota ………………………:      1,710.0             1,690.0                99

Tennessee …………………………:        880.0               830.0                94

Texas …………………………….:      3,900.0             3,850.0                99

Utah ……………………………..:        365.0               380.0               104

Vermont …………………………..:        117.0               116.0                99

Virginia ………………………….:        670.0               640.0                96

Washington ………………………..:        420.0               430.0               102

West Virginia ……………………..:        195.0               185.0                95

Wisconsin …………………………:      1,370.0             1,360.0                99

Wyoming …………………………..:        660.0               640.0                97

:

United States ……………………..:     34,279.0            33,930.0                99

—————————————————————————————————-

 

Total Number of Cattle on Feed – States and United States: January 1, 2013 and 2014

[Cattle and calves on feed are animals for slaughter market being fed a ration of grain, or other concentrates and are expected to produce a carcass that will grade select or better. Cattle and calves on feed are included in the cattle inventory estimates by classes]

—————————————————————————————————-

:                   :                   :    Percent of

State                 :       2013        :       2014        :   previous year

—————————————————————————————————-

:     ——– 1,000 head ——–             percent

:

Arizona …………………………..:        272.0               274.0               101

California ………………………..:        475.0               510.0               107

Colorado ………………………….:      1,030.0               990.0                96

Idaho …………………………….:        235.0               225.0                96

Illinois ………………………….:        160.0               165.0               103

Indiana …………………………..:        100.0               110.0               110

Iowa ……………………………..:      1,270.0             1,230.0                97

Kansas ……………………………:      2,240.0             2,130.0                95

Kentucky ………………………….:         15.0                15.0               100

Maryland ………………………….:         10.0                10.0               100

:

Michigan ………………………….:        155.0               150.0                97

Minnesota …………………………:        310.0               300.0                97

Missouri ………………………….:         50.0                55.0               110

Montana …………………………..:         38.0                45.0               118

Nebraska ………………………….:      2,550.0             2,450.0                96

Nevada ……………………………:          9.0                 8.0                89

New York ………………………….:         25.0                23.0                92

North Dakota ………………………:         45.0                35.0                78

Ohio ……………………………..:        160.0               160.0               100

Oklahoma ………………………….:        345.0               265.0                77

:

Oregon ……………………………:         65.0                75.0               115

Pennsylvania ………………………:         75.0                75.0               100

South Dakota ………………………:        320.0               310.0                97

Tennessee …………………………:          3.0                 3.0               100

Texas …………………………….:      2,730.0             2,450.0                90

Utah ……………………………..:         28.0                27.0                96

Virginia ………………………….:         23.0                20.0                87

Washington ………………………..:        247.0               201.0                81

West Virginia ……………………..:          4.0                 5.0               125

Wisconsin …………………………:        240.0               240.0               100

:

Wyoming …………………………..:         70.0                75.0               107

:

Other States 1/ ……………………:         64.7                64.3                99

:

United States ……………………..:     13,363.7            12,695.3                95

—————————————————————————————————-

1/ Individual state estimates not available for states not shown, but are included in Other States.

 

Number of Cattle Grazing on Small Grain Pasture – 3-State Total:

January 1, 2013 and 2014

———————————————————————————–

:              :              :  Percent of

States               :     2013     :     2014     : previous year

———————————————————————————–

:     — million head —          percent

:

Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas …….:     1.34           1.61            120

:

———————————————————————————–

 

Calf Crop and Percent of Total by Six Month Period – United States: 2012 and 2013

———————————————————————————

:            2012             :            2013

:———————————————————–

Period       :               : Percent of  :               : Percent of

:    Number     :    total    :    Number     :    total

———————————————————————————

:  1,000 head       percent      1,000 head       percent

:

January 1 – June 30 .:   25,000.0          72.9        24,700.0          72.8

July 1 – December 31 :    9,279.0          27.1         9,230.0          27.2

:

Total ……………:   34,279.0         100.0        33,930.0         100.0

———————————————————————————

 

Statistical Methodology

 

Survey Procedures: A random sample of United States producers was surveyed to provide data for these estimates. Survey procedures ensured that all cattle producers, regardless of size, had a chance to be included in the survey.

Large producers were sampled more heavily than small operations. Data were collected from about 40,200 operators during the first half of January by mail, telephone, and face-to-face personal interviews and 74 percent of the reports were usable. Regardless of when operators responded, they were asked

to report inventories as of January 1.

 

Estimating Procedures: These cattle estimates were prepared by the

Agricultural Statistics Board after reviewing recommendations and analysis submitted by each State office. National and State survey data were reviewed for reasonableness with each other and with estimates from the previous year using a balance sheet. The balance sheet begins with the previous inventory estimate, adds to it estimates of births and imports, and subtracts estimates of slaughter, exports, and deaths. This indicated ending inventory level is compared to the Agricultural Statistics Board estimate for reasonableness.

 

Revision Policy: Revisions to previous estimates are made to improve year to year and item to item relationships. Estimates for the previous year are subject to revision when current estimates are made. The reviews are primarily based on livestock slaughter and additional foreign trade and survey data. Estimates will also be reviewed after data from the five-year Census of Agriculture are available. No revisions will be made after that date.

 

Reliability: Since all cattle operators are not included in the sample, survey estimates are subject to sampling variability. Survey results are also subject to non-sampling errors such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in reporting, recording, and processing the data. The effects of these errors cannot be measured directly. They are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection process and through a careful review of all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

 

To assist users in evaluating the reliability of estimates in this report, the “Root Mean Square Error” is shown for selected items in the table on the following page. The “Root Mean Square Error” is a statistical measure based on past performance and is computed using the differences between first and latest estimates. The “Root Mean Square Error” for cattle inventory estimates over the past 10 years is 0.5 percent. This means that chances are 2 out of 3 that the final estimate will not be above or below the current estimate of

87.7 million head by more than 0.5 percent. Chances are 9 out of 10 that the difference will not exceed 0.9 percent.

 

The table on the following page shows a 10 year record of the range of differences between first and latest estimates for selected items. Using estimates of all cattle and calves as an example, changes between the first inventory estimate and the latest estimate during the past 10 years have averaged 344,000 head, ranging from 0 to 830,000 head. During this period the initial inventory estimate has been above the latest estimate 5 times and below the latest estimate 3 times. This does not imply that the January 1 estimate is likely to understate or overstate final inventory.

 

Reliability of January 1 Cattle Estimates

[Based on data for the past ten years]

————————————————————————————————————————–

:  Root mean   :  90 percent  :        Difference between first and latest estimate

: square error :  confidence  :         :         :         :               :

:              :    level     :————————————————————-

Item             :              :              :         :         :         :             Years

:              :              :         :         :         :——————————-

:              :              : Average :Smallest : Largest : Above latest  : Below latest

————————————————————————————————————————–

:   percent        percent        —— 1,000 head —–           —– number —-

:

All cattle & calves ……….:     0.5            0.9          344        0        830           5               3

:

All cows …………………:     0.6            1.1          187        0        505           6               2

:

Calf crop ………………..:     1.0            1.8          267        0        674           5               3

:

————————————————————————————————————————–

 

Information Contacts

 

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock

Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact

for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to

[email protected]

 

Dan Kerestes, Chief, Livestock Branch ………… (202) 720-3570

 

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ………… (202) 690-2424

Travis Averill – Cattle, Cattle on Feed ……. (202) 720-3040

Doug Bounds – Hogs and Pigs ………………. (202) 720-3106

Alissa Cowell-Mytar – Sheep and Goats, Honey .. (202) 720-4751

Donnie Fike – Dairy Products ……………… (202) 690-3236

Tiffany Hora – Livestock Slaughter ………… (515) 284-4340

Mike Miller – Milk Production and Milk Cows … (202) 720-3278

 

Access to NASS Reports

 

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following

ways:

 

All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web

site: http://www.nass.usda.gov

 

Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-

mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit

http://www.nass.usda.gov and in the “Follow NASS” box under “Receive

reports by Email,” click on “National” or “State” to select the reports

you would like to receive.

 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural

Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail:

[email protected]

 

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the bases of race, color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs and/or employment activities.)

If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online at http://www.ascr.usda.gov/complaint_filing_cust.html, or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department of

Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue,

S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at

[email protected]